This topic shows you how you can configure HTTPS for ArcGIS Server using a certificate signed by a Certificate Authority (CA). The steps to configure HTTPS using a CA-signed certificate are as follows:
- Create a self-signed certificate.
- Request a CA to sign your certificate.
- Configure ArcGIS Server site to use the CA-signed certificate.
- Configure each ArcGIS Server in your deployment.
- Import the CA root certificate into the Windows certificate store.
- Configure HTTPS for your site.
- Access your site using HTTPS.
Create a new self-signed certificate
- Log in to the ArcGIS Server Administrator Directory at https://gisserver.domain.com:6443/arcgis/admin.
- Browse to machines > [machine name] > sslcertificates.
- Click generate.
- Provide values for the parameters on this page:
A unique name that easily identifies the certificate.
Use RSA (the default) or DSA.
Specifies the size in bits to use when generating the cryptographic keys used to create the certificate. The larger the key size, the harder it is to break the encryption; however, the time to decrypt encrypted data increases with key size. For DSA, the key size can be between 512 and 1,024. For RSA, the recommended key size is 2,048 or greater.
Use the default (SHA256withRSA). If your organization has specific security restrictions, then one of the following algorithms can be used for DSA: SHA384withRSA, SHA512withRSA, SHA1withRSA, SHA1withDSA.
This field is optional and is used for backwards compatibility with older web browsers and software. It is recommended to use the fully qualified domain name of your server name as the common name.
If your server will be accessed on the Internet through the URL https://www.gisserver.com:6443/arcgis/, use www.gisserver.com as the common name.
If your server will only be accessible on your local area network (LAN) through the URL https://gisserver.domain.com:6443/arcgis, use gisserver.domain.com as the common name.
The name of your organizational unit, for example, GIS Department.
The name of your organization, for example, Esri.
City or Locality
The name of the city or locality, for example, Redlands.
State or Province
The full name of your state or province, for example, California.
The abbreviated code for your country, for example, US.
The total time in days during which this certificate will be valid, for example, 365.
Subject Alternative Name
The subject alternative name (SAN) is used to validate that the SSL certificate presented by the website being accessed was issued for that website.
If this parameter is left empty, the fully qualified domain name of the local machine is used as the default value. The SAN field supports multiple values; however, it must include the fully qualified domain name of the website. The SAN parameter value cannot contain spaces.
For example, if your server will be primarily accessed using the URL https://www.esri.com, the SAN parameter should be set to DNS:www.esri.com. If your server will be accessed on the public internet using the URL https://www.esri.com and within your organization's LAN (Local Area Network) sing the URL https://gisserver.esri.com, the SAN parameter should be set to DNS:www.esri.com,DNS:gisserver.esri.com.
The use of wildcards (*.esri.com) in the SAN parameter, though supported, is not recommended. When the same certificate is used for multiple websites or sub-domains, list each website or sub-domain in the SAN parameter, as shown in the following example:
- Click Generate to generate the certificate.
Request a CA to sign your certificate
For web browsers to accept your certificate as a trusted certificate, it must be verified and countersigned by a well-known Certificate Authority such as Verisign or Thawte.
- Open the self-signed certificate you created in the previous section, and click generateCSR. Copy the contents into a file, usually with a .csr extension.
- Submit the CSR to a CA of your choice. You may obtain a Distinguished Encoding Rules (DER) or Base64 encoded certificate. If the CA requests the type of web server the certificate is for, specify Other\Unknown or Java Application Server. After verifying your identity, they'll send you a .crt or .cer file.
- Save the signed certificate received from the CA to a location on your computer that you can access from ArcGIS Server Administrator Directory. In addition to the signed certificate, the CA will also issue a root certificate. Save the CA root certificate to your computer.
- Log in to the ArcGIS Server Administrator Directory: https://gisserver.domain.com:6443/arcgis/admin.
- Click machines > [machine name] > sslcertificates > importRootOrIntermediate to import the root certificate provided by the CA. If the CA issued any additional intermediate certificates, import those as well.
- Navigate to machines > [machine name] > sslcertificates.
- Click the name of the self-signed certificate that you submitted to the CA.
- Click importSignedCertificate, and browse to the location where you saved the signed certificate received from the CA.
- Click Submit. This replaces the self-signed certificate you created in the previous section with the CA-signed certificate.
Configure ArcGIS Server to use the CA-signed certificate
The CRL Distribution Points (CDP) defined in the CA-signed certificate must be valid and accessible from the machine or machines hosting ArcGIS Server. If the CDP defined in the certificate is invalid or inaccessible due to a lack of Internet access, network, or firewall settings, publishing will fail in ArcGIS Desktop. To work around this issue, follow the steps in I can't publish a service to an ArcGIS Server site that uses a CA-issued certificate in the Common problems and solutions topic.
- Log in to the ArcGIS Server Administrator Directory at https://gisserver.domain.com:6443/arcgis/admin. Replace gisserver.domain.com with the fully qualified name of the machine where ArcGIS Server is installed.
- Browse to machines > [machine name].
- Click edit.
- Type the name of the signed certificate in the Web server SSL Certificate field. The name you specify should match the alias of the self-signed certificate that was replaced with the CA-signed certificate in the previous section.
- Click Save Edits to apply your changes. This automatically restarts your ArcGIS Server site.
- After your site has restarted, verify that you can access the URL https://gisserver.domain.com:6443/arcgis/admin. If you do not get a response from this URL, ArcGIS Server was unable to use the specified SSL certificate. Log in to the ArcGIS Server Administrator Directory at http://gisserver.domain.com:6080/arcgis/admin, check your SSL certificate, and configure ArcGIS Server to use a new or different certificate.
- On the current page, view the property Web server SSL Certificate to verify that the desired certificate will be used for HTTPS.
Configure each ArcGIS Server machine in your deployment
If you have a multiple-machine deployment of ArcGIS Server, you must obtain and configure a CA-signed certificate for each ArcGIS Server machine that participates in your site. Once all certificates have been imported, restart each machine in the ArcGIS Server site.
Import the CA root certificate into the Windows certificate store
If the root certificate of the Certificate Authority is not present in the Windows certificate store, it must be imported.
- Log in to a machine hosting ArcGIS Server.
- Copy the signed certificate received from the CA to a location on this computer.
- Open this certificate, and click the Certificate Path tab. If the Certificate Status: is This certificate is OK., the CA root certificate is present in the Windows certificate store and does not need to be imported. Proceed to step 12.
- Copy the CA root certificate to a location on this computer.
- Open this certificate, and click the General tab. Click the button to Install Certificate.
- Once the Certificate Import Wizard opens to the Welcome panel, click Next.
- On the Certificate Store panel, choose the option to Place all certificates in the following store.
- Click the Browse button. On the Select Certificate Store dialog, enable the option to Show physical stores.
- Expand the Trusted Root Certification Authorities folder to expose its contents. Select Local Computer as the certificate store you want to use. Click OK.
- On the Certificate Store panel, click Next.
- Click Finish.
- Repeat steps 1–11 for each ArcGIS Server machine in your site.
- Restart ArcGIS Server on each machine.
Configure HTTPS for your site
- Verify that you can access the URL https://gisserver.domain.com:6443/arcgis/admin. If you do not get a response from this URL, ArcGIS Server was unable to use the specified certificate. Check your certificate, and configure ArcGIS Server to use a new or different certificate.
- If you can access the URL https://gisserver.domain.com:6443/arcgis/admin, browse to security > config > update.
- For the Protocol parameter, choose the HTTPS Only option, and click Update.
It takes ArcGIS Web Adaptor one minute to recognize changes to the communication protocol of your site.
At 10.2.1 and earlier versions, you were required to reconfigure ArcGIS Web Adaptor after updating the communication protocol of ArcGIS Server. At 10.2.2 and later versions, this is no longer necessary.
Access your site using HTTPS
Once HTTPS has been configured, ArcGIS Server listens on port 6443 for HTTPS requests. Use the URLs below to securely access ArcGIS Server:
ArcGIS Server Manager
ArcGIS Server Services Directory
If you rename ArcGIS Server while HTTPS is enabled, you can continue to access ArcGIS Server using HTTPS; however, you must generate a new certificate and configure ArcGIS Server to use it.