ArcGIS Enterprise SDK
ITopologicalOperator.Buffer Method
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ITopologicalOperator.Buffer Method

Constructs a polygon that is the locus of points at a distance less than or equal to a specified distance from this geometry.

[Visual Basic .NET]
Public Function Buffer ( _
    ByVal distance As Double _
) As IGeometry
public IGeometry Buffer (
    double distance



The buffer distance is in the same units as the source shape that is being buffered.

A negative distance can be specified to produce a buffer inside the original polygon. This cannot be used with polyline.

ITopologicalOperator methods must be applied on top-level geometries only. Top-Level geometries are point, multipoint, polyline and polygon. To use this method with segments (Line, Circular Arc, Elliptic Arc, B�zier Curve), paths or rings, they must be wrapped with a top-level type.

A buffer distance of 0 will generate an empty polygon with the input geometry being a polyline and multipoint.  However, if the input geometry is a point, the output will be the original point.

Buffer Example


//The following code shows to wrap a line segment into a polyline in C#

//Assume a line (line1 as ILine) is already created

object obj = Type.Missing;

ISegmentCollection segCollection = new PolylineClass() as ISegmentCollection;

segCollection.AddSegment((ISegment)line1, ref obj, ref obj);

//Set the spatial reference on the new polyline

//The spatial reference is not transfered automatically from the segments

IGeometry geom = segCollection as IGeometry;

geom.SpatialReference = spatialRef;

//Can now be used with ITopologicalOperator methods

[C#]//This example demonstrates how to use ITopologicalOperator::Buffer
private void BufferArea()
  IPoint[] points = new IPoint[5];
  //The spatial reference should be set here using IGeometry::SpatialReference (Code skipped here)
  for(int i = 0; i < points.Length; i++)
     points[i] = new PointClass();
  points[0].PutCoords(0, 0);
  points[1].PutCoords(0, 10);
  points[2].PutCoords(10, 10);
  points[3].PutCoords(10, 0);
  points[4].PutCoords(0, 0);
  IPointCollection4 pointCollection = new PolygonClass();
  IGeometryBridge geometryBride = new GeometryEnvironmentClass();
  geometryBride.AddPoints(pointCollection, ref points);
  IArea area = pointCollection as IArea;
  System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("Area original polygon : " + area.Area);
  ITopologicalOperator topologicalOperator = pointCollection as ITopologicalOperator;
  //Outside buffer
  IPolygon polygon = topologicalOperator.Buffer(1) as IPolygon;
  area = polygon as IArea;
  System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show( "Area polygon positive distance : " + area.Area);
  //Inside buffer
  polygon = topologicalOperator.Buffer(-1) as IPolygon;
  area = polygon as IArea;
  System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show("Area polygon negative distance : " + area.Area);







[Visual Basic .NET]

    Sub exampleITopologicalOperator_Buffer()
        Dim ptc As ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.IPointCollection, i As Long, pa As ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.IArea, ptopo As ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.ITopologicalOperator
        ptc = New ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.Polygon
        Dim pt(4) As ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.IPoint, poutPoly As ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.IPolygon
        'The spatial reference should be set here using IGeometry::SpatialReference (Code skipped here)
        For i = 0 To 4
            pt(i) = New ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.Point
        pt(0).PutCoords(0, 0)
        pt(1).PutCoords(0, 10)
        pt(2).PutCoords(10, 10)
        pt(3).PutCoords(10, 0)
        pt(4).PutCoords(0, 0)
        Dim geometryBride As ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.IGeometryBridge
        geometryBride = New ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.GeometryEnvironmentClass()
        geometryBride.AddPoints(ptc, pt)
        pa = ptc
        Debug.Print("Area original polygon : " & pa.Area)
        ptopo = ptc
        poutPoly = ptopo.Buffer(1) 'Outside buffer
        pa = poutPoly
        Debug.Print("Area polygon positive distance : " & pa.Area)
        poutPoly = ptopo.Buffer(-1) 'Inside buffer
        pa = poutPoly
        Debug.Print("Area polygon negative distance : " & pa.Area)
    End Sub


See Also

ITopologicalOperator Interface