This topic lists questions or issues that you might encounter when working with ArcGIS Server and suggests possible solutions. If you don't find the issue you're looking for, you can also search for articles on the Esri Support Center website.
- Is an installation log or summary stored somewhere for me to review later?
- I was unable to install ArcGIS Server because my machine name contains an underscore character.
- Why are some folders left behind after uninstalling?
- I get an error message about my license being expired.
- After installing ArcGIS Server, I see An error occurred while searching for [users\roles]: [IP Address]:3268.
- How do I change the ArcGIS Server account?
- I am concerned about the security implications of the primary site administrator password reset (PasswordReset.bat) script. What can I do about this?
- I am concerned about the security implications of having Python 2.x on my system. What can I do about this?
- Will ArcGIS Server work when disconnected from the network?
- I'm attempting to connect to the server in ArcGIS Desktop through ArcGIS Web Adaptor, and my connection fails.
- Can I safely rename a GIS server machine in my ArcGIS Server site?
- I disabled HTTP-based communication in my ArcGIS Server site and now I can't access the help using the installed shortcuts.
- How can I view the current hardware specifications of a machine in my ArcGIS Server site?
- I see an Invalid database connection or The data item is inaccessible error when I try to register a database with ArcGIS Server.
- ArcGIS Web Adaptor does not recognize unavailable machines or new machines I've added to my site.
- Where are the server configuration files that I used in ArcGIS Server 10.0 and earlier versions?
- Can I configure the same ArcGIS Web Adaptor to work with both ArcGIS Server and Portal for ArcGIS?
- When accessing ArcGIS Server Manager, the ArcGIS Server Administrator Directory, and the ArcGIS Server Services Directory through HTTPS, it takes some time (up to a minute) for the applications to load in Internet Explorer.
- I attempted to create or join an ArcGIS Server site and something failed. How do I troubleshoot the issue?
- I can't log in to ArcGIS Server Manager.
- Which browsers are supported by ArcGIS Server Manager?
- In version 10, I could retrieve my Bing Maps key from Manager. How do I do this in 10.9.1?
- When attempting to publish a service definition file in ArcGIS Server Manager, I can only browse my local file system. Why can I not see the server's file system?
- I have an asynchronous job running on my geoprocessing service that I want to cancel.
- Why can't I publish MXDs, MSDs, address locators, and other GIS resources to the ArcGIS Server site using ArcGIS Server Manager?
- After creating an ArcGIS Server site, I notice services appearing in the services list in Manager. What are these? Why can't I delete some of them?
- I added a service to a web app, but the service seems to be unavailable.
- I updated my map document then stopped and started my service, but I don't see the updates in my map service.
- I try to publish a service definition in ArcGIS Server Manager and my browser crashes.
- When attempting to publish a map service in ArcMap, I click File > Share As but the Service option is unavailable (grayed out).
- I encounter an error in ArcGIS Desktop when attempting to publish a GIS resource that references data in a Windows file share.
- What OGC-compliant services can I publish with ArcGIS Server?
- I can't publish a service to an ArcGIS Server site that uses a CA-issued certificate.
- I'm having trouble creating a service that contains layers from a database or geodatabase.
- I started creating a map cache, and it's taking a long time. When will it finish?
- I recently updated my map caches. Are client applications automatically aware that the updated tiles are available?
- I get an error message that says publishing of geoprocessing services is restricted. How can I resolve this?
- When users publish a scene layer to an ArcGIS Enterprise 10.6 or earlier release portal, they see the message The publishing tool could not connect to the tile cache data store. This may be due to security settings that affect how the hosting server communicates with the tile cache data store.. The same message appears in the ArcGIS Server logs on the hosting server. How can I resolve this?
The installation is not automatically logged, but if you run the installation from the command line, you can include parameters that create a log file. See the ArcGIS Server (Windows) Installation Guide to learn about creating a log of the installation.
You can view which features of ArcGIS Server are installed through the Programs and Features dialog box in Windows. Choose ArcGIS Server > Uninstall/Change > Modify to view or change the list of installed components.
Several widely used Internet host name specifications have designated the underscore character as nonstandard. Although Windows allows you to use the underscore in a machine name, it can still cause problems when you interact with other servers and platforms. For this reason, ArcGIS Server will not proceed with installation on servers that have an underscore in the host name.
When you uninstall ArcGIS Server, some folders and files are left on disk. These are left for your convenience if you reinstall or upgrade the product. If you don't plan on reinstalling, you can delete these files.
You might notice persisting files located at <ArcGIS Server installation directory>\arcgisserver that include the following:
- server directories
- log files
Leaving these folders preserves map caches, your installation configuration, and other server resources that you might want to keep if you reinstall. Server directories that you created and registered on your own are also not affected by uninstalling.
If you receive a message about your license being expired, contact Esri Customer Service to obtain a new license and reauthorize ArcGIS Server using the ArcGIS Software Authorization Wizard.
The license information is also stored in the ArcGIS Data Store relational data store; therefore, if this ArcGIS Server site functions as the hosting server for an ArcGIS Enterprise portal, you must also update the license in the relational data store. To do that, run the updatelicense utility from the machine where your primary relational ArcGIS Data Store is installed.
After installing ArcGIS Server, I see An error occurred while searching for [users\roles]: [IP Address]:3268.
When ArcGIS Server is configured to enforce security with users and roles managed in Microsoft Active Directory, it uses the Active Directory Global Catalog to obtain user and role information. However, ArcGIS Server will be unable to enforce security if it binds to a domain controller that does not also serve as a global catalog. In this case, you'll need to manually specify the domain controller used by ArcGIS Server after performing the installation. For full instructions, see Configure the domain controller used by ArcGIS Server.
After you install ArcGIS Server, you can change the account by using the Configure ArcGIS Server Account utility. This utility is bundled with the ArcGIS Server installation and can be launched by clicking Start > ArcGIS > ArcGIS Server > Configure ArcGIS Server Account.
You should not use your operating system's tools to manually change the ArcGIS Server account. The utility has been designed to apply permissions to various directories across all the machines in your deployment. Changing the account manually could result in server failure leading to system downtime.
For full instructions on how to change the ArcGIS Server account using the utility, see The ArcGIS Server account.
I am concerned about the security implications of the primary site administrator password reset (PasswordReset.bat) script. What can I do about this?
If you are in a highly secure environment, you should restrict file permissions to the configuration store, and disable the primary site administrator account. Performing these two tasks ensures that the primary site administrator account password reset script will have no effect on the security of your site.
To learn more, see Best practices for configuring a secure environment.
I am concerned about the security implications of having Python 2.x on my system. What can I do about this?
ArcMap based services use an installation of Python 2.x in the ArcGIS Server setup. At 10.9.1, you have the option to disable the ArcMap Runtime Support feature and remove Python 2.x from your system.
To learn more, see Security best practices.
If you have multiple machines participating in your ArcGIS Server site, the site requires the network to function.
If you have a one-machine deployment—that is, one machine participating in an ArcGIS Server site—ArcGIS Server will operate correctly when disconnected from the network as long as all the data referenced by your GIS services are stored locally on that machine. Additionally, if the machine is part of a domain and you have disconnected the computer from the domain, you must specify a local account as the ArcGIS Server account.
I'm attempting to connect to the server in ArcGIS Desktop through ArcGIS Web Adaptor, and my connection fails.
If your server administrator has configured the Web Adaptor to block administrative access to the server, you will not be able to connect to the server in ArcGIS Desktop through the Web Adaptor URL using an administrative or publisher connection. Alternatively, you can connect directly to the GIS server in ArcGIS Desktop by using the URL format https://gisserver.domain.com:6443/arcgis. For more information, see Connect to ArcGIS Server from ArcGIS Desktop.
Yes. ArcGIS Server will automatically detect a machine name change and reconfigure your site to use the new name. After you use your operating system's tools to rename the machine, you may see the following message in the server logs:
ArcGIS Server has detected that the server machine [old machine name] has been changed to [new machine name]. ArcGIS Server will be updated automatically to use the new host name.
Depending on your site deployment, you may need to perform some additional steps to ensure that your site is configured properly to use the new machine name:
- If you've enabled HTTPS for your site and your certificate was using the previous machine name, you'll need to generate a new certificate and configure your site to use it. For full instructions, see Secure ArcGIS Server communication..
- If you've configured ArcGIS Web Adaptor to use your previous machine name, you'll need to configure it with a new URL that uses the updated machine name. For full instructions, see Configure ArcGIS Web Adaptor after installation.
I disabled HTTP-based communication in my ArcGIS Server site and now I can't access the help using the installed shortcuts.
After disabling HTTP-based communication, you will be unable to access local help documentation from the installed shortcuts since they are configured to use HTTP in their URLs. As a workaround, you can manually modify the shortcuts to use HTTPS. Keep in mind that this only applies to local help resources, not content hosted on the web by Esri.
The Hardware Configuration resource in the ArcGIS Server Administrator Directory displays hardware information for the specified machine in your ArcGIS Server site, giving the specifications of the CPU and operating system, amount of system memory, and number of physical and logical processors. It updates the information when it detects any changes to the configuration of your machine, as well as each time the machine is restarted.
I see an Invalid database connection or The data item is inaccessible error when I try to register a database with ArcGIS Server.
These errors can appear if the database client software or libraries are not found on the server machine. Each machine in your ArcGIS Server site must have the 64-bit version of the database client software installed to allow ArcGIS Server to access the database. You must install these clients before you can register your database with ArcGIS Server. See Database clients for more information.
Once you have installed the client software, restart the ArcGIS Server service.
By default, ArcGIS Web Adaptor checks the site for new or unavailable machines every minute. If you've waited over one minute since a machine was added, removed, or disabled, and the Web Adaptor still doesn't recognize the changes, it could be because you changed the properties of the user who originally registered the Web Adaptor with the site.
For example, if the account used to register ArcGIS Web Adaptor with the site was disabled, the password changed, or the role type was demoted to a role that does not have administrative privileges, the Web Adaptor will be unable to check the status of your site for new or unavailable machines. To fix this issue, you'll need to reconfigure the Web Adaptor. For full instructions, see Configure ArcGIS Web Adaptor after installation.
The plain text server configuration files that were used in ArcGIS Server 10.0 and earlier versions are no longer part of the server architecture beginning at version 10.1. You may find similar looking files in the configuration store, but these files are not intended to be manually edited, and you may severely disrupt your server's stability if you choose to directly modify them. Instead, you should use ArcGIS Server Manager to adjust your server properties. ArcGIS Server also exposes the ArcGIS REST API, which you can use to safely script changes to your server configuration. See Log in to Manager and An overview of scripting ArcGIS Server administration to get started.
When accessing ArcGIS Server Manager, the ArcGIS Server Administrator Directory, and the ArcGIS Server Services Directory through HTTPS, it takes some time (up to a minute) for the applications to load in Internet Explorer.
By default, Internet Explorer attempts to connect to the Internet when you access HTTPS URLs in the browser. In an environment that does not have access to the Internet, the browser will attempt to connect to the Internet for a period of time, usually one minute. For example, after one minute, the browser will timeout and connect to the URL successfully. This behavior is commonly mistaken for a poor connection, as the browser seems to hang until the timeout value is reached.
To prevent this behavior and allow access to the applications immediately in the browser, reduce the timeout value on each machine where Internet Explorer is installed. To do so, follow these steps:
- Click Start > Run.
- In the Open dialog box, type mmc and click OK.
- Click File > Add/Remove Snap-in.
- In the Add or Remove Snap-ins dialog box, choose the Group Policy Object Editor snap-in and click Add.
- In the Select Group Policy Object dialog box, click Finish.
- In the Add or Remove Snap-ins dialog box, click OK.
- Under Console Root, expand Local Computer Policy > Computer Configuration > Windows Settings > Security Settings and choose Public Key Policies.
- Under Object Type, double-click Certificate Path Validation Settings.
- Click the Network Retrieval tab, and enable Define these policy settings.
- Change the Default retrieval timeout settings values to 1 second.
- Click OK.
- Under Console Root, expand Local Computer Policy > Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > System > Internet Communication Management and choose Internet Communication Settings.
- Double-click Turn off Automatic Root Certificates Update and choose Enabled.
- Click OK and close the console.
I attempted to create or join an ArcGIS Server site and something failed. How do I troubleshoot the issue?
If you encounter a failure when creating or joining an ArcGIS Server site, you can troubleshoot the issue by addressing the error messages reported in the create site or join site summary panel. Additionally, a log of the event is recorded on disk, located at <ArcGIS Server installation directory>\ArcGIS\Server\usr\logs\<machine name>\server. The messages in the log can provide additional insight into what caused the issue. To view the log, browse to the logs directory and open the log in a text editor.
To log in to Manager, you must provide a user name and password that has been granted administrator or publisher privileges to the ArcGIS Server site. User names and passwords are case sensitive. You must provide the proper case to log in to Manager. Talk with your server administrator to find out which user name and password you should use. If you are the administrator, provide the user name and password that you specified when creating the site. For more information, see Logging in to Manager.
The ability to retrieve your Bing Maps key using Manager was removed beginning at 10.1. You should visit the My Esri website or contact your Esri customer service representative to find out about your key.
When attempting to publish a service definition file in ArcGIS Server Manager, I can only browse my local file system. Why can I not see the server's file system?
At 10.6.1, a suite of resources and operations allow server administrators to locate, monitor, and intervene in asynchronous jobs being run by a geoprocessing service. Each of these are available by accessing the service's page in the ArcGIS Server Administrator Directory (URL format https://server:port/arcgis/admin/services/[<folder>]/<serviceName.serviceType>).
From the Jobs page, you can query for jobs that meet specific conditions, purge the queue of all jobs with a current status of NEW, SUBMITTED, or WAITING, and view statistics about the current jobs for the service.
From the page of a specific job, you can cancel the job if it currently carries a status of SUBMITTED or EXECUTING (keeping the job information in the system), or delete the job regardless of current status, which will remove all trace of it from the service and cancel the job if applicable.
Why can't I publish MXDs, MSDs, address locators, and other GIS resources to the ArcGIS Server site using ArcGIS Server Manager?
GIS resources that you attempt to publish to ArcGIS Server are put through a rigorous analysis process to make sure they are ready to be exposed on the web. Since you'll need to analyze your GIS resources before publishing, ArcGIS Desktop is the primary tool that you use to publish services to ArcGIS Server.
However, if you are in a cloud or highly secure environment, you can create service definition files that can be published to ArcGIS Server using Manager. Service definition files offer you a way to take a snapshot of your GIS resources and data and publish them to ArcGIS Server as services at a later time. Any GIS resource can be analyzed and encapsulated as a service definition file. Once the service definition file is created, you can browse to it in Manager and publish it as a service.
After creating an ArcGIS Server site, I notice services appearing in the services list in Manager. What are these? Why can't I delete some of them?
The ArcGIS Server installation comes with a variety of preconfigured services that help you do common tasks such as the following:
- Caching maps and image services (CachingTools, ReportingTools)
- Publishing services (PublishingTools)
- Printing web maps (PrintingTools)
- Performing geometric calculations (Geometry)
- Previewing the functionality of ArcGIS Server (SampleWorldCities)
- Searching for GIS content (Search)
- Synchronizing data between clients and ArcGIS Server (SyncTools)
Essential services, such as CachingTools, PublishingTools, and ReportingTools are started by default and cannot be deleted. Stopping these services would be detrimental to the performance and functionality of ArcGIS Server.
Nonessential services, such as Geometry, Search, and PrintingTools are stopped by default. If you need to use these services, you can explicitly start them in Manager or ArcMap. The SampleWorldCities map service is started by default and can be deleted at any time.
Keep in mind that server resources are consumed only when a service is started and requested to perform a task. For more information, see the preconfigured services section of What's included with ArcGIS Server.
If your web app references a service from a remote server (a different server from the one where your web app is hosted), the server hosting your web app needs to have permission from the remote server to access the service. Often, the server hosting your web app is the one installed with ArcGIS Web Adaptor, and the server hosting your services is a GIS server. If these two servers reside on different domains, the web browser plug-in running the web app is not allowed to access the service for security reasons. To access services across web domains, a client access policy file must be present in the root directory of the web server hosting the service.
If your server administrator has enabled security on your ArcGIS Server site, this file may need to be modified to include the domain of the server hosting your web app. For more information, see Restricting cross-domain requests to ArcGIS Server.
I updated my map document then stopped and started my service, but I don't see the updates in my map service.
When any changes are made to the GIS resource referenced by a service, you'll need to overwrite the service so clients see changes to your GIS resource and its source data.
Service definitions that contain source GIS datasets can take a long time to publish because the data must be transferred to the server. However, it is a known limitation that service definitions over 2 GB in size cannot be published when running Manager in the Internet Explorer or Firefox web browsers. Service definitions over 2 GB can be published when you run Manager in Google Chrome.
If you're unsure whether your service definition is over 2 GB, examine its properties in Windows Explorer immediately after you create it. If you didn't change the default staging location, the service definition will be in C:\Users\<user name>\AppData\Local\ESRI\Desktop<version number>\StagingFolder (on Windows machines).
When attempting to publish a map service in ArcMap, I click File > Share As but the Service option is unavailable (grayed out).
If your ArcMap session is running in Layout View, the option to share the map as a service is unavailable. Switching to Data View will allow you to publish the map as a service. See Displaying maps in data view and layout view.
I encounter an error in ArcGIS Desktop when attempting to publish a GIS resource that references data in a Windows file share.
If the data referenced by your GIS resource resides in a Windows file share, you may encounter the following error in ArcGIS Desktop when publishing:
Packaging succeeded, but publishing failed. ERROR 001369: Failed to create the service.
This failure may result from opportunistic locking, or oplocks, which is a Windows file-locking feature. When oplocks are enabled for your designated file share, the Windows machine is allowed to cache files locally. Usually, this is the machine that is being used to publish the service. If a second machine needs access to the data, it must receive an oplocks break from the Windows machine before the file is synchronized back to the second machine. Usually, this is the machine that the service is being published to. If a break is received by the Windows machine during publishing, the subsequent data synchronization may cause publishing to fail.
Other common issues related to opportunistic locking:
- A machine or machines in your multi-machine site enables locks on the config-store and directories, preventing other machines from accessing them.
- Publishing failures due to the reasons described above
- Issues accessing registered data in shared locations
- Issues accessing cached tiles stored in locations with oplocks
To work around these issues, you'll need to disable oplocks for each file share you have configured.
For more information about oplocks, see Opportunistic Locks in the Microsoft documentation.
Using ArcGIS Server, you can publish Web Coverage Services (WCS), Web Feature Services (WFS), Web Map Services (WMS), Web Map Tile Services (WMTS), and Web Processing Services (WPS). Additionally, you can configure map services to return Keyhole Markup Language (KML) if requested.
If HTTPS is enabled using a CA-issued certificate, the CRL Distribution Points (CDP) defined in the certificate must be valid and accessible from the machine or machines hosting ArcGIS Server. If the CDP defined in the certificate is invalid or inaccessible due to network and/or firewall settings, publishing will fail in ArcGIS Desktop and the following severe error message will display in the ArcGIS Server log:
Error while using HTTPS security, URL = https://gisserver.domain.com:6443/arcgis/services, HTTP Status Code = 0 and Status Text = (WinInet error code = 12057)
To work around this issue, you can disable the validation of the CDP by following the steps below:
- On each machine hosting ArcGIS Server, log in as the ArcGIS Server account. This is the account running the ArcGIS Server service.
- Click Start > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services and stop the ArcGIS Server service.
- Click Start > Control Panel > Internet Options.
- Click the Advanced tab and scroll down to the Security section.
- Uncheck the option Check for server certificate revocation and click OK.
- Click Start > Log off to log off the current user.
- Log back in to the computer and start the ArcGIS Server service.
- Repeat these steps on all other machines in your ArcGIS Server site.
To understand how to configure the correct permissions required for database and geodatabase data, see Make your data accessible to ArcGIS Server.
The amount of time needed to create your map cache depends on the scale levels you have chosen, the amount of server resources you have dedicated to generating the cache, and the settings you have chosen (tile format, storage format, and so on). These factors are discussed in detail in Plan a map cache.
I recently updated my map caches. Are client applications automatically aware that the updated tiles are available?
If you update an area of a map cache, users of ArcMap and ArcGIS Pro who have already visited that area and extent must clear their local image caches before they can see the updates. As a server administrator, you need to alert your users when updated data is available so that they know to clear their caches. Consult the help system for your client application for instructions on how to clear the local cache.
I get an error message that says publishing of geoprocessing services is restricted. How can I resolve this?
The error message is for error code 001862: Publishing of geoprocessing services is restricted to administrators only. Beginning at 10.4, only administrators can publish geoprocessing services and deploy service extensions (SOEs or SOIs). This restriction can be changed by an administrator. See Change geoprocessing service and service extension publishing privileges for details.
When users publish a scene layer to an ArcGIS Enterprise 10.6 or earlier release portal, they see the message The publishing tool could not connect to the tile cache data store. This may be due to security settings that affect how the hosting server communicates with the tile cache data store.. The same message appears in the ArcGIS Server logs on the hosting server. How can I resolve this?
If the tile cache data store is configured to use SSLv3 encryption, but the machines in the hosting server do not have SSLv3 enabled, this message will be returned when a user publishes a scene layer from ArcGIS Pro or the ArcGIS Enterprise portal.
To resolve this, you can either enable SSLv3 on all the machines in the hosting ArcGIS Server site or, if your security practices to not allow for this, have the ArcGIS Data Store administrator disable encryption on the tile cache data store. See ArcGIS Data Store command utility reference in the ArcGIS Data Store help or the Portal for ArcGIS Administrator Guide for information on disabling SSLv3 encryption on the tile cache data store.
If you decide to enable SSLv3 on the hosting server machines, follow these steps:
- Log in to the first machine in the hosting ArcGIS Server site using the ArcGIS Server account. This is the account that is running the ArcGIS Server service.
- Open Internet Explorer and open Internet options.
- Click the Advanced tab in the Internet Options dialog box.
- Scroll down to the Security options list, and check the box next to Use SSL 3.0.
- Click OK to apply changes and close the dialog box.
- Repeat these steps for each machine in the hosting ArcGIS Server site.