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What is ArcGIS Data Store?

ArcGIS Data Store is an application that configures and manages data storage for the hosting server used with ArcGIS Enterprise deployments on Linux and Microsoft Windows. ArcGIS Data Store provides you with a setup and configuration experience that creates the following types of data stores:

Use the Data Store Configuration wizard or configuredatastore utility to create these data stores.

Access to the data in each data store listed above is provided exclusively through web layers.


Use only the ArcGIS Data Store utilities, Data Store Configuration wizard, or REST commands to configure and manage the data stores deployed with ArcGIS Data Store.

Configuring different ArcGIS Data Store types allows members of the ArcGIS Enterprise organization to do the following:

  • Publish hosted feature layers to ArcGIS Enterprise.

    Hosted feature layers that rely on the relational data store allow you to more easily share and manage feature data in your organization. They also provide you with additional functionality—such as publishing tile layers and exporting data from them, and adding or deleting fields—that is not available through ArcGIS Enterprise for ArcGIS Server feature services.

    When you publish hosted feature layers, the source data is copied into the relational data store.

  • Publish hosted scene layers to ArcGIS Enterprise.

    If the hosting server has a tile cache data store, you can publish hosted scene layers from ArcGIS Pro to ArcGIS Enterprise or publish from a scene layer package that you upload to the portal website.

    Publishing hosted scene layers from ArcGIS Pro also creates a feature layer. The person publishing determines whether the feature layer is a hosted feature layer or a feature layer that references the data in the registered data source (an ArcGIS Server feature service).

  • Archive high-volume, real-time observation data.

    If you use ArcGIS GeoEvent Server to stream high volumes of real-time data or share mobile workers' locations from ArcGIS Field Maps, you can create a spatiotemporal big data store and archive the observation data.

  • Configure a failover relational data store, tile cache data store, or graph store.

    ArcGIS Data Store allows you to set up primary and standby relational data store, tile cache data store, or graph store machines. Hosted layer data is replicated from the primary machine to the standby machine, so if the primary machine crashes, the standby machine can take its place with minimum downtime.

  • Configure a scalable tile cache data store for scene layer caches.

    If organization members will publish numerous scene layers, configure the tile cache data store in cluster mode and add multiple machines to the tile cache data store to handle the cache load.

  • Configure a highly available, scalable spatiotemporal big data store for spatiotemporal data.

    You can configure multiple spatiotemporal big data stores to balance data loads over multiple machines and ensure availability of spatiotemporal data in the event of a machine failure.

  • Perform analysis in a map viewer.

    Many standard feature analysis tools create hosted feature layers and therefore require an ArcGIS Data Store relational data store. To use GeoAnalytics Tools, configure the hosting server with a spatiotemporal big data store.

  • Add files directly to Map Viewer Classic.

    ArcGIS Enterprise must have a hosting server that uses an ArcGIS Data Store relational data store to allow organization members to add files, such as comma-separated values files (.csv), to a map.

  • Create an investigation and a knowledge graph in an ArcGIS Pro project.

    Knowledge graphs use the graph store configured with the ArcGIS Enterprise portal.

  • Store videos for an ArcGIS Video Server site that is configured to use the object store.
  • Take advantage of additional Esri apps.