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Apps and functionality that require ArcGIS Data Store

Functionality in ArcGIS Enterprise and certain apps that you use with an ArcGIS Enterprise organization depend on the use of ArcGIS Data Store. When you install ArcGIS Data Store, you choose the type of data store to create on that machine. Each data store type provides different functionality. Use the following links for a description of each data store type:

The following sections list the functionality and apps that require you to use ArcGIS Data Store in your Enterprise deployment and indicate which type of data store or stores you need to create.


The following table lists the functionality in ArcGIS Enterprise you get with each type of ArcGIS Data Store.

FunctionalityData store types required

Configure a hosting server for ArcGIS Enterprise to allow portal members to publish hosted feature layers, or add files to Map Viewer Classic Map Viewer Classic (formerly Map Viewer).

Relational data store

Publish scene layers to your organization from ArcGIS Pro or a scene layer package.

Tile cache data store

If you publish from ArcGIS Pro, an associated feature layer is created with the scene layer. If the associated feature layer does not reference a registered data source, the data for the associated feature layer is copied to the relational data store.

Archive observation data streamed when using ArcGIS GeoEvent Server.

Spatiotemporal big data store

Use GeoAnalytics Tools in Map Viewer Classic or ArcGIS Pro. (GeoAnalytics Tools create hosted feature layers as output, and the data can be stored in the spatiotemporal big data store or relational data store. The ArcGIS Enterprise organization must be configured with ArcGIS GeoAnalytics Server.)

Spatiotemporal big data store and relational data store

Use raster analysis tools in Map Viewer, Map Viewer Classic, or ArcGIS Pro. Raster analysis tools require the ArcGIS Enterprise organization to be configured for raster analysis.

A subset of raster analysis tools create hosted feature layers, and the data for those layers is stored in the relational data store.

Relational data store

Use location sharing with the ArcGIS Enterprise organization or any apps that rely on location sharing, such as ArcGIS Indoors or ArcGIS Field Maps.

Spatiotemporal big data store

Create missions in ArcGIS Mission Manager.

Relational data store

Create a knowledge graph in ArcGIS Pro.

Graph store

Cached query responses for individual layers in hosted feature layers. Caching query responses improves drawing performance for the feature layer.

Object store

The ArcGIS Video Server site administrator can configure a federated ArcGIS Video Server site to store video layer content in the object store.

Object store


The following Esri apps rely on the relational data store when you use the apps with an ArcGIS Enterprise organization:

If you use the ArcGIS Survey123 Web Designer to create a survey that includes layers from an ArcGIS Enterprise portal, the survey will use hosted feature layers and, therefore, relies on the relational data store.

As mentioned in the previous section, ArcGIS Mission Manager needs a spatiotemporal big data store for mission data, but it can use the relational data store if a spatiotemporal big data store is not configured.

Considerations when you need more than one type of data store

If you require more than one type of data store, configure them on separate machines. Most data store types each require a large percentage of a machine's memory to process data queries. Depending on the quantity and size of the data you store, each data store could consume large amounts of disk space and memory. When you put more than one type of data store on the same machine, they compete for these storage and memory resources, which can negatively affect the performance of your ArcGIS Enterprise deployment.