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Monitor Vegetation

Monitor Vegetation The Monitor Vegetation tool performs an arithmetic operation on the bands of a multiband imagery layer to extract vegetation coverage information.


To run this tool, the portal must be configured for raster analysis.

If you do not see this tool in Map Viewer, contact your portal administrator. Your portal may not be configured for raster analysis, or you may not have the privileges required to run the tool.

Workflow diagram

Monitor Vegetation workflow


You have Sentinel-2 imagery and want to highlight the healthy green vegetation in an arid region. You can use the Monitor Vegetation tool to calculate the Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI), which account for soil brightness when mapping vegetation.

Usage notes

This tool allows you to generate a vegetation index from multiband imagery. The output includes vegetation index values for every pixel in the image.

This tool requires multiband imagery since each band index requires multiple spectral bands to generate an output. The required bands for each index will display when you select a method to monitor vegetation.

If Use current map extent is checked, only the pixels that are visible in the current map extent will be analyzed. If unchecked, the entire input imagery layer will be analyzed.

The parameters for this tool are listed in the following table:

Select the input data

Choose the multiband imagery layer. The imagery layer must have the appropriate bands required for the vegetation monitoring method you choose.

Choose method to monitor vegetation

Choose the method to create the vegetation monitoring layer. The vegetation index methods can help highlight certain features or reduce noise.

  • Global Environmental Monitoring Index—GEMI is a nonlinear vegetation index for global environmental monitoring from satellite imagery. It is similar to NDVI, but it is less sensitive to atmospheric effects. It is affected by bare soil; therefore, it is not recommended for use in areas of sparse or moderately dense vegetation.
  • Green Vegetation Index - Landsat TM—GVI was originally designed from Landsat MSS imagery but has been modified for use with Landsat TM imagery. It is also known as the Landsat TM Tasseled Cap green vegetation index.
  • Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index—MSAVI2 is a vegetation index that tries to minimize bare soil influences of the SAVI method.
  • Normalized Difference Vegetation Index —NDVI is a standardized index allowing you to generate an image displaying greenness, or relative biomass. This index takes advantage of strong absorption from chlorophyll in the red band and high reflectance from plant materials in the near-infrared (NIR) band. This is the default.
  • Perpendicular Vegetation Index—PVI is similar to a difference vegetation index; however, it is sensitive to atmospheric variations. This method should only be used on images that have been atmospherically corrected.
  • Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index—SAVI is a vegetation index that attempts to minimize soil brightness influences using a soil-brightness correction factor. This is often used in arid regions where vegetative cover is low.
  • Sultan's Formula—The Sultan's Formula takes a six-band, 8-bit image and applies an algorithm that produces a three-band, 8-bit image. The resulting image highlights rock formations called ophiolites on coastlines. This formula was designed based on the TM and ETM bands of a Landsat 5 or 7 scene.
  • Transformed Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index—Transformed-SAVI is a vegetation index that attempts to minimize soil brightness influences by assuming the soil line has an arbitrary slope and intercept.

Specify indexes for bands

Specify the band indexes for the bands needed to compute the selected vegetation monitor method.

Each satellite sensor and aerial camera captures information in different wavelength bands, and each band has a number indicating its order in the band list for the sensor. For example, the NIR band for the OLI sensor on board Landsat-8 is band 5.

Slope of soil line

The slope value of the line estimating the relationship between the NIR and red bands on a scatterplot.

This option is only available when the vegetation monitoring method is set to Transformed Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index.


The value of the NIR band when the reflectance value of the red band is 0.

This option is only available when the vegetation monitoring method is set to Transformed Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index.

Amount of green vegetation cover

Specifies the amount of green vegetation cover:

  • For areas with no green vegetation cover, enter 1.
  • For areas with moderate green vegetation cover, enter 0.5.
  • For areas with high green vegetation cover, enter 0.

This option is only available when the vegetation monitoring method is set to Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index.

Adjustment factor

Specifies the adjustment factor to help minimize soil effect. A low value means that you are ignoring the soil effect. A high value means that the soil will affect your result. The default value is 0.08.

This option is only available when the vegetation monitoring method is set to Transformed Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index.

Result layer name

The name of the layer that will be created in My Content and added to the map. The default name is based on the tool name and the input layer name. If the layer already exists, you will be prompted to provide another name.

You can specify the name of a folder in My Content where the result will be saved using the Save result in drop-down box.


Analysis environment settings are additional parameters that affect a tool's results. You can access the tool's analysis environment settings by clicking the gear icon Analysis Environments at the top of the tool pane.

This tool honors the following Analysis Environments:

  • Output coordinate system—Specifies the coordinate system of the output layer.
  • Extent—Specifies the area to be used for analysis.
  • Snap Raster—Adjusts the extent of the output so it matches the cell alignment of the specified snap raster layer.
  • Cell size—The cell size to use in the output layer.
  • Mask—Specifies a mask layer, where only the cells that fall within the mask area will be used for analysis.
  • Resampling method—The method to use to interpolate pixel values.
  • Recycle interval of processing workers—Defines how many image sections to process before restarting worker processes.
  • Parallel processing factor—Controls the raster processing CPU or GPU instances.
  • Number of retries on failures—Defines how many retries a worker process will attempt when there is random failure processing a job.

Similar tools and raster functions

Use Monitor Vegetation to generate a vegetation index using multiband imagery. Other tools may be useful in solving similar but slightly different problems.

Map Viewer analysis tools and raster functions

Use the Band Arithmetic raster function to generate a number of band indexes, including vegetation indexes and other processing options. Use the NDVI raster function and the NDVI Colorized raster function to generate the normalized difference vegetation index using multiband imagery.

ArcGIS Pro analysis tools and raster functions

The Monitor Vegetation tool performs a similar function to the Band Arithmetic, NDVI and NDVI Colorized raster functions in ArcGIS Pro.